The Chicory plant is native to the temperate parts of the World and is cultivated in many countries. It is an erect woody perennial herb, around 1 m in height with a fleshy taproot of up to 75 cm in length and large basal leaves and smaller upper leaves. It can bear extreme temperatures during both vegetative and reproductive growth stage. It has azure blue flowers. Its roots resemble those of dandelions. The Chicory root stump are dug before the flowering.
The tap roots are the most commonly used part of the plant. The root is fleshy and tapering, wrinkled longitudinally, and brown on the outside. The root has bitter and mucilaginous taste.